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Aggie horticulture apple trees (Malus pumila Mill.) are among the oldest cultivated tree species in the world. Most are believed to be native to western Asia where it was first grown on the banks of the Tigris, Euphrates and Nile. One of the first records of apple trees dates back to the seventh century BCE. In the book of Ezekiel, apple orchards were noted along the upper Tigris, Euphrates and Mediterranean. In the Bible, these three rivers are named as the source of the Tigris, Euphrates, and Jordan Rivers. They are also mentioned as the original source of the Nile. This is the origin of the name Nile and the Nile River. These three rivers are also the source of the Tigris, Euphrates, and Jordan and the major rivers of Iran. Because of its early history and vast variety of apple varieties, the apple tree is often considered a symbol of peace, health and prosperity in many Asian countries.
Ancient apple tree
More than 8,000 years ago in northern China, the wild apple tree, Malus sieversiana, was domesticated and was later adapted to its new home in Shandong province, becoming Malus baccata (Baihua in Chinese) or Malus micra in Chinese.
Malus sieversiana is the ancestral species of apples grown in the Far East. Today, over 25 species of Malus are cultivated in China. They are among the oldest cultivated tree species in the world. Many of them are native to western Asia where they were first grown on the banks of the Tigris, Euphrates and Nile. Apple trees are considered among the oldest known cultivated trees, having been documented in China as early as 7,000 years ago. These three rivers are also the source of the Tigris, Euphrates, and Jordan Rivers. One of the first recorded records of apple trees date back to the seventh century BCE.In the book of Ezekiel, apple orchards and wine vineyards are mentioned and compared to those in Lebanon.
In the Far East, apple trees have been cultivated for more than 8,000 years. More than 8,000 years ago, people domesticated apple trees in Shandong province, China. They took them back to their homes and introduced them to their neighbors. Since then, apples have been the center of life, not only because of the nutritional value of their fruits but also as part of folk traditions and rituals of Chinese people.
The apple tree, Malus baccata, is a well-established tree, having originated and grown in its own ecological niche. This is why the apple tree in China is the oldest wild-growing species of apple tree in the world. The wild apple tree is native to the grasslands of northwestern China, where it has always been closely associated with the wild apple tree, Malus sieversiana. In China, Malus sieversiana was domesticated and developed, and the apple tree is the main fruit crop there. It may have come from Europe, and spread into China about 5,000 years ago. The apple tree was then developed into several varieties, mainly the cultivars.
The Chinese people have an ancient and traditional practice of eating fresh apples. A group of Chinese apple cultivators are always trying to invent new types of apples. To meet this demand, they introduce a wide range of species of apples for Chinese consumers. The apple tree in China has been improved from three distinct domestication populations in China that included: Malus asiatica, Malus sieversiana, and Malus baccata, which are more commonly used.
The apple is one of the oldest domesticated fruits, and it has long been valued for its nutritional properties. The apple tree's long-lived, well-adapted perennial nature gives the apple a nutritional profile that is hard to beat, compared to other fresh fruits and vegetables.The fruit contains a good amount of vitamin C, vitamin A, folate, vitamin B-6, vitamin E and dietary fiber. It also contains more vitamin A, vitamin C, fiber, potassium, magnesium, and iron, than the apple tree, Malus sieversiana. The apple contains vitamin A at a concentration of 0.14 to 0.41 mcg/100 g of fresh fruit. Vitamins C and E, the key antioxidants in fruits, together make up 7.8 to 31.7 mcg of vitamin E/100 g, and 0.11 to 1.33 mg of vitamin C/100 g. Apple contain large quantities of copper, potassium and phosphorus and lower amounts of calcium, iron and zinc. The nutritional values of apple are lower than many fruits because apples contain far less water than, say, grapes, strawberries, tomatoes, carrots or melons. One medium apple contains only 18.8 grams of water. Since vitamin, mineral, and water content may vary, a single apple is unlikely to provide any significant amount of these nutrients.
Because the apple is high in vitamin C and has been shown to be effective in prevention and treatment of the flu, it is sometimes referred to as the "flu apple".
Apple peel contains salicin, which has been used as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antiseptic, and astringent. Salicin is the anti-inflammatory ingredient in aspirin. The salicin content of the peel is much higher than that of the flesh, which explains why the peel is the main source of salicin. Apples also contain the antioxidant quercetin, which has been shown to have antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties, particularly when consumed in food.
Apple is a diuretic and is recommended in a treatment for diabetes and some forms of dehydration. Apple cider vinegar, made from boiled or cask-fermented apples, is a well-known remedy. The acidic nature of the apple makes it useful in the treatment of toothaches, mouth and gum infections, and ulcers. Apples are rich in pectin, a polysaccharide which lowers cholesterol.
Apple is also claimed to help fight aging.It's recommended to have apples about every two hours to reduce stress and keep the immune system strong. Also, drinking half a pint of apple juice a day helps prevent heart disease and may help slow the aging process by promoting good health and vitality.
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Apple peel extract and apple phytonutrients
National Apple Association